Archival sources

Bodleian Library, Rawlinson Ms., D1399

British Library (BL)

  • Add. Ms. 30884, 32876, 32882, 33053, 33054, 34712, 35600, 42129, 51020
  • Sloane Ms. 4078

Cambridge University Library (CUL)

  • SPCK Archive, 'Standing Committee minute book', 1718-20
  • SPCK Archive, 'Special letters book', 1725-1726

Camden Local Studies and Archives Centre (CLSAC)

  • 'St Giles in the Fields, vestry minutes', P/GF/M/1/2, 1673-1771

East Riding Records Office

  • 'John Grimston letters', DDGR/42/30

Edinburgh University Library (EUL)

  • Laing Ms., III, 394

Hackney Archives Department

  • 'St Leonard Shoreditch, minute book of the select vestry and parish meetings', P/L/1, 1727-71

London Metropolitan Archives (LMA)

  • City of London: 'City's cash accounts', COL/CHD/CT/01
  • City of London: 'Lord Mayor's waiting books', CLA/004/01/01
  • City of London: 'Mansion House charge books', CLC/286/MS00487
  • City of London: 'Repertories of the Court of Aldermen', COL/CA/01/01
  • City of London: Sessions, 'Account of the expenses of passing vagrants that was passed from Southwark to St Magnus London Bridge ... January the 12th 1747/8 to Jan. 1755', CLA/047/LR/06/034
  • City of London: Sessions, 'City sessions rolls', CLA/047/LJ
  • City of London: Sessions, 'Committee for carrying into execution so much of the Act of parliament lately passed as relates to the rebuilding the gaol of Newgate', COL/CC/NGC/04/01/001
  • City of London: Sessions, 'Miscellaneous papers from the Compter Committee', CLA/032/02/006
  • Court of Aldermen Papers, 'The humble complaint of James Guthrie, Ordinary of Newgate, read 19 Feb. 1744/5', COL/CA/05/01/0093
  • Foundling Hospital, 'Register of children claimed, 28 March 1764-23 Jan. 1765', A/FH/A/11/001/001
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Account of people convicted and confined on a prison ship', MA/G/GEN/1301
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'House of correction calendars', MJ/CC/B/079-90
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Justices' reports to sessions on the state of New Prison and Middlesex Bridewell', MA/G/GEN/7-18 (1781)
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'List of prisoners committed to New Prison', MJ/CC/V/002
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Minutes of the committee for building the new house of correction', MA/G/CBF/1
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Minutes of the committee for repairing the house of correction, Clerkenwell, and the New Prison, Clerkenwell', MA/G/GEN/0001
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Rotation Committee papers', MC/SJ-1, 1763-4
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Sessions books', MJ/SBB
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Sessions papers', MJ/SP/1689/08/010
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Sessions rolls', MJ/SR
  • Middlesex Sessions: 'Vagrant expenses: rewards', MF/V/1748, MF/V/1757
  • 'Minutes of the Court of the President and Governors for the Poor of London', CLA/075/01/007, 1702-05
  • St Ann Blackfriars, 'Workhouse committee book', P69/ANN/B/074/MS08690
  • St Boltoph Aldgate, 'Vestry minute books for the Middlesex part of the parish', P69/BOT2/B/003/MS02642-43
  • St Bride Fleet Street, 'Miscellaneous parish papers', P69/BRI/B/012/MS06570/002
  • St Bride Fleet Street, 'Vestry minutes', P69/BRI/B/001/MS06554/004-005
  • St Dionis Backchurch, 'Miscellaneous parish papers, vouchers, 1766-72', P69/DIO/B/099
  • St Dionis Backchurch, 'Papers relating to an application for parish poor relief by Paul Patrick Kearney, 1771', P69/DIO/B/082/MS11280C
  • St Peter Cornhill, 'Removal orders, pass warrants and settlement examinations', P69/PET1/B/029/MS04198
  • St Sepulchre, Holborn, 'City of London, Workhouse committee book', P69/SEP/B/071/MS03137/001
  • Westminster Sessions: 'Orders of the court', WJ/O/C

The National Archives (TNA)

  • High Court of Admiralty, 'Criminal records', HCA1/20, 1744
  • Home Office, 'Criminal petitions, series 1', HO17
  • Home Office, 'Judges' reports on criminals', HO47
  • Home Office, 'Letters and papers', HO42/25
  • King's Bench, 'Crown side affidavits', KB1/1/3/2, Trinity 1719
  • King's Bench, 'Crown side affidavits', KB1/19/2/1, Michaelmas 1772
  • State Papers Domestic, 'George I', SP35
  • State Papers Domestic, 'George II', SP36
  • State Papers Domestic, 'George III', SP37
  • Treasury Papers, Accounts, T38/671, 1755-8
  • Treasury Papers, 'Sheriff's cravings', T64/262
  • Treasury Papers, 'King vs Greenwood and Hipgrave', T1/468
  • Treasury Solicitors Papers, 'Re: prosecutions of the Spitalfields weavers re attacks on Spitalfields silk manufacturers', TS11/818

Westminster Abbey Muniment Room, '13 May 1799', Ms. 660000

Westminster Archives Centre (WAC)

  • St James Westminster, 'Vestry minutes', D1759-1760, 1712-50
  • St Margaret Westminster, 'Orders of vestry', E2420, 1738-55
  • St Margaret Westminster, 'Petty sessions minutes', E2554, 1719-23,
  • St Margaret Westminster, 'Petty sessions records', SMW/E/99, 1723
  • St Margaret Westminster, 'Workhouse committee minutes', SMW/E/101/2632, 1726-7
  • St Martin in the Fields, 'Vestry clerks bills', F2339, 1736-72
  • St Martin in the Fields, 'Vestry draft minutes', F2028, 1736-54
  • St Martin in the Fields, 'Vestry minutes', STM/F/1/2006, 1716-39
  • St Martin in the Fields, 'Watch rates, collectors book', F2676, 1735-57

Sources from London Lives, 1690-1800: Crime, Poverty and Social Policy in the Metropolis (

  • Bridewell Royal Hospital: Minute Books of the General Prison Committee, 1775-1800
  • Bridewell Royal Hospital: Minutes of the Court of Governors, 1689-1800
  • City of London Sessions: Sessions Papers, 1690-1796
  • City of Westminster Coroners: Inquests into Suspicious Deaths, 1761-1800
  • Home Office: Criminal Registers of Prisoners in Middlesex and the City, 1791-1800
  • Middlesex Coroners: Inquests, 1781-1799
  • Middlesex Sessions: General Orders of the Court, 1713-1800
  • Middlesex Sessions: Sessions Papers, 1690-1799
  • Old Bailey Proceedings, 1674-1800
  • Old Bailey Sessions: Sessions Papers, 1771
  • Ordinary of Newgate Prison: Ordinary's Accounts, 1680-1772
  • St Botolph Aldgate Parish: Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor Account Books, 1683-1800
  • St Clement Danes Parish: Registers of the Poor, 1745
  • St Clement Danes Parish: Enfield Books - Parish Children Put Out to Nurse, 1787-98
  • St Clement Danes Parish: List of Securities for the Maintenance of Bastard Children, 1755-79
  • St Clement Danes Parish: List of Workhouse Inmates, 1785
  • St Clement Danes Parish: Minute Books of Parish Vestry Sub-Committees, 1771-1800
  • St Clement Danes Parish: Minutes of Parish Vestries, 1703-1800
  • St Clement Danes Parish: Pauper Settlement, Vagrancy and Bastardy Exams, 1739-1800
  • St Clement Danes Parish: Register of Fortnightly/Monthly Pensioners in 1733
  • St Clement Danes Parish: Register of Pauper Settlement and Bastardy Examinations, 1703-7
  • St Clement Danes Parish: Registers of Poor Children under 14 years in Parish Care
  • St Dionis Backchurch Parish: Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor Account Books, 1689-1798
  • St Dionis Backchurch Parish: Churchwardens Vouchers/Receipts, 1683-1782
  • St Dionis Backchurch Parish: Letters to Parish Officials Seeking Pauper Relief, 1758-9
  • St Dionis Backchurch Parish: Minutes of Parish Vestries, 1690-1800
  • St Dionis Backchurch Parish: Miscellaneous Parish and Bridewell Papers, 1722-97
  • St Dionis Backchurch Parish: Workhouse Inquest (Visitation) Minute Books, 1761-88
  • St Luke Chelsea Workhouse Registers, 1743-99
  • St Martin in the Fields Settlement Examinations, 1725-93
  • St Martin in the Fields Workhouse Registers, 1725-1819
  • St Thomas's Hospital Admission and Discharge Registers
  • Westminster Historical Database
  • Westminster Sessions: Sessions Papers, 1690-1799

Online datasets created for this book

These datasets are shared under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC 4.0).

Other internet primary sources

Online sources last consulted 15 July 2015.

Printed primary sources

Place of publication is London unless otherwise stated.

Modern printed editions of primary sources

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Online sources last checked 14 April 2020.

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    • Gibbons, David, 'William Tidd, c. 1729-1750'
    • Hitchcock, Tim, 'Paul Patrick Kearney, fl.1727-1771'
    • Palk, Deirdre, 'Catherine Jones, c. 1757-1780'
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    • Palk, Deirdre, 'Timothy Dionis, 1704-1765'
    • Payne, Diane, 'Daniel Vaughan, c. 1692-1716'
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    • McKenzie, Andrea, 'Wild, Jonathan (bap. 1683, d. 1725), thief-taker'
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Dissertations and unpublished manuscripts

Cross, Pam, 'The operation of the workhouse in the parish of St Botolph Aldgate, c. 1734-1834' (BA dissertation, Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, 1990)

Devereaux, Simon, 'Convicts and the state: the administration of criminal justice in Great Britain during the reign of George III' (PhD dissertation, University of Toronto, 1997)(

Innes, Joanna, 'Statute law and summary justice in early modern England' (unpublished paper, May 1986)

Isaacs, Tina Beth, 'Moral crime, moral reform, and the state in early eighteenth-century England: a study of piety and politics' (PhD dissertation, University of Rochester, 1979)

Williamson, Gillian, 'The nature of mid-eighteenth-century popular politics in the City of Westminster: the select vestry committee of 1742 and the parish of St George Hanover Square' (MA dissertation, Birkbeck College, London, 2008)