Copyright and Citation Guide

An older, white haired and bearded man in a ragged jacket points to an open copy of the Bible at the Book of Job Simon Eedy, 1774. NPG D1828. © National Portrait Gallery, London.

This website is provided as a public resource for private, non-commercial use only. Users are expected to respect the copyright of the holders of the original images and creators of the transcriptions and secondary material, and to follow our Terms of Use. Those wishing to cite material from this website in other publications should, as with all internet publications, include the URL (www.londonlives.org) and the date on which the website was consulted.

Copyright

All images of original documents and publications in London Lives are reproduced under license from the archives and libraries which hold the originals: Bethlem Royal Hospital Archives and Museums; Bodleian Library (Oxford); British Library; Early English Books Online; Guildhall Library; Honorable Society of King's Inns (Dublin); Huntingdon Library (San Marino, California); The National Archives; John Rylands Library (Manchester); London Metropolitan Archives; National Library of Scotland (Edinburgh); Osgoode Hall Law Library (Toronto); Westminster Abbey Muniment Room; Westminster Archives Centre.

If you wish to reproduce any of these images, you need permission from the original archive or library which holds the original document, as indicated at the top of every document display page. We cannot provide that permission.

All other images used on the webpages in this website are also under copyright, and should not be reproduced without prior permission. Details of the origins and copyright of all images may be found in the caption for the relevant picture.

Copyright in the data provided in the Additional Datasets rests with the creators of those datasets.

Unless otherwise noted, copyright in the transcriptions, metadata, and design and content of all the webpages is owned by the University of Hertfordshire and the University of Sheffield.

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Terms of Use and Obtaining Permissions

All material is made available free of charge for individual, non-commercial use only. If you wish to reproduce anything from this website for commercial use you must obtain permission from the relevant copyright owner.

Commercial exploitation of images provided on this website is prohibited without licence from the archive, library or other body or individual which holds the rights to the image. If you wish to obtain reproduction rights please contact the relevant rights holder directly.

Commercial exploitation of the data provided in the Additional Datasets is prohibited without permission from the creators of those datasets.

Commercial exploitation of the transcribed text and the design and content of the webpages, including use by television programme makers and examination boards, is prohibited without licence from the University of Hertfordshire and University of Sheffield. If you wish to obtain reproduction rights for this material, please contact us.

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Citation Guide

All citations to this website should include the current version number (i.e. 1.1), found in the bottom left of every page on this site.

The Project

To cite the project and web site as a whole please use the following format:

  • Tim Hitchcock, Robert Shoemaker, Sharon Howard and Jamie McLaughlin, et al., London Lives, 1690-1800 (www.londonlives.org, version 1.1, 24 April 2012).

Subsequent citations might be shortened to:

  • London Lives [or LL].

See Project Staff for a complete list of the project team, and their roles in creating the site.

Citing Manuscripts and Documents

If you wish to cite text from a manuscript, please include the document title and the project reference number for the individual page you wish to refer to. You also need to indicate the original archive and reference for the physical manuscript. All of this information is included in the heading for each page. Please use the following format:

St Clement Danes, Examination Books, 22nd January 1787 - 28th February 1792, London Lives, 1690-1800, WCCDEP358020035 (www.londonlives.org, version 1.1, 17 June 2012), Westminster Archives Centre, MS. B1189.

Subsequent citations to the same manuscript (consulted at the same time) could use a shortened form, such as:

St Clement Danes, Examination Books, 1787-92, LL, WCCDEP358020035.

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Citing the Old Bailey Proceedings and Ordinary of Newgate's Accounts

If you wish to cite text from a trial published in the Old Bailey Proceedings, please include the month and year of the sessions, the defendant's name, and the trial reference number (found at the top of each trial), using the following format:

Old Bailey Proceedings, London Lives, 1690-1800, t17540424-60 (www.londonlives.org, version 1.1, 17 June 2012), April 1754, trial of Elizabeth Canning.

Subsequent citations in the same series could use a shortened form, such as:

Proceedings, LL, t17540424-60, April 1754, Elizabeth Canning.

To cite a whole Sessions, if for instance you are referring to jury lists or summary information, use the following format:

Old Bailey Proceedings, London Lives, 1690-1800, 17240415 (www.londonlives.org, version 1.1, 17 June 2012), 15 April 1724.

To cite one of the Ordinary of Newgate's Accounts use the following format:

Ordinary of Newgate's Account, London Lives, 1690-1800, OA17260627 (www.londonlives.org, version 1.1, 17 June 2012), 27 June 1726.

Subsequent citations could use a shortened form such as:

Ordinary's Account, LL, OA17260627, 27 June 1726.

Although the versions of the Proceedings and Ordinary's Accounts included here are the same texts as those available through the associated website, The Old Bailey Online, 1674-1913, they cover a shorter time period, and are searched using a different methodology. You should cite the version you have actually consulted. Please refer to the Old Bailey Online Citation Guide if you have discovered the material you are citing using that resource.

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Citing Additional Datasets

Most of the additional datasets, such as the St Martin's Settlement Examinations, were developed by other projects and researchers, and are posted on this website as a public resource. When citing data gleaned from these sources the reference should include the original author or project, as well as information about this site and the original archive, and should take the form of:

St Martin's in the Fields Pauper Biographies Project, Settlement Examinations, Ann Carter, 22 February 1733, London Lives, smdsset_19_1930 (www.londonlives.org, version 1.1, 17 June 2012), Westminster Archives Centre, Ms. F5025.

Subsequent citations to the same source could use a shortened form, such as:

St Martin's Biographies, LL, smdsset_19_1930, Ann Carter, 22 February 1733.

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Citing Historical Background Materials

If you wish to cite one of the pages from the Historical Background section of London Lives, please identify Tim Hitchcock, Sharon Howard and Robert Shoemaker as the authors, and use the following format:

Tim Hitchcock, Sharon Howard and Robert Shoemaker, "Parish Nurses", London Lives, 1690-1800 (www.londonlives.org, version, 1.1 17 June 2012).

Subsequent citations to the same article could use a shortened form, such as:

"Parish Nurses", LL.

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Citing Lives

If you wish to cite one of biographies included in the Lives section of this website please ensure you include the name of the main author listed at the end of each life. The citation should take the form of:

Deirdre Palk, "Catherine Jones", London Lives, 1690-1800 (www.londonlives.org, version 1.1, 17 June 2012).

Subsequent citations to the same article could use a shortened form, such as:

Palk, "Catherine Jones", LL.

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